The information contained on this website is for information purposes only, and you assume full responsibility and risk for the appropriate use of medical information contained herein. Do not make changes in your treatment, including medication or lifestyle, as a result of any information you receive on this website, and be sure to consult with your physician or licensed health care provider before changing any medical treatment. The ESPE Foundation does not provide individual medical or legal advice on this website and does not directly or indirectly practice medicine or dispense medical services. Consult your own physician or lawyer for specific advice about your personal situation.

The “Learn” section of this website is intended to provide information to health care professionals about the current treatment and understanding of the epilepsies. Laypeople who read this information are warned against making any changes in their treatment based upon the information here without consulting their personal physician or licensed health care provider. While the Foundation has made every effort to ensure the accuracy of this information, medical knowledge changes quickly and changes may have occurred since this information was last reviewed by professionals. Information may also not be complete; the practitioner is therefore urged to continually seek up-to-date information and may contact the ESPE Foundation for assistance in doing so. Some treatments recommended in this section of the website, while in line with generally accepted best medical practice, may not be approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for the described uses. Consult the Physicians' Desk Reference and product manufacturer for approved uses and additional information.

While the ESPE Foundation takes pride in providing accurate and up-to-date information about epilepsy and its consequences, there may be omissions or inaccuracies in such information and on this website. The ESPE Foundation, its officers, directors, employees or agents, does not warrant or guarantee the accuracy or completeness of its information or services, and specifically disclaims any liability therefore.


Chat and Social Media Disclaimer

The posts within the chats or article comments published in the web site or social media are created by individual users. The ESPE Foundation does not provide 24/7 monitoring of the community features. Article posts may be reviewed periodically. Inappropriate posts may be removed or managed according to the terms of use. Transcripts of chat rooms may be reviewed periodically.

The content posted in any section of the Community (article comments, chat rooms) does not represent the views or opinions of the ESPE Foundation.

If you object to content posted in the Community, please notify the Foundation via This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it..  Once brought to the attention of the ESPE Foundation, we will take all appropriate action to remove or edit postings. Also, some community members may plan in-person meetings. The Foundation does not sponsor nor endorse any of these meetings and your participation in them is at your own risk. The ESPE Foundation does not take responsibility or control of these types of meetings and disclaims any liability for any damages or consequences associated with them.[c1]